Azadirachta indica, commonly known as neem, or Indian lilac, and is native to the Indian subcontinent. It has been used in ayurvedic medicine for more than 4000-5000 years due to its medicinal properties. It can grow in regions with an annual rainfall below 400 mm, growth reported best on well drained deep and sandy soils. It contains phytochemical compounds like Quercetin and kaempferol, nimbosterol, phenolic compounds, gallic acid, catechin. Nimbidin, nimbine, tannins and tannic acid etc. It shows many pharmacological activities like anti-oxidant, anti-cancer, anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory activities etc.
Snehil jaiswal, Sumiran Chauhan, Gaurav Bansal, Sonali Agarwal, DV Surya Prakash. Review on pharmacological activities of Azadirachta indica. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Development, Volume 1, Issue 1, 2019, Pages 17-18